Skip to main content Skip to search Skip to search

Poetry African

How She Read

by (author) Chantal Gibson

Caitlin Press
Initial publish date
Jan 2019
African, Canadian, Women Authors
  • Paperback / softback

    Publish Date
    Jan 2019
    List Price

Classroom Resources

Where to buy it


How She Read is a collection of genre-blurring poems about the representation of Black women, their hearts, minds and bodies, across the Canadian cultural imagination.


Drawing from grade-school vocabulary spellers, literature, history, art, media and pop culture, Chantal Gibson's sassy semiotics highlight the depth and duration of the imperialist ideas embedded in everyday things, from storybooks to coloured pencils, from paintings to postage stamps.


A mediation on motherhood and daughterhood, belonging, loss and recovery, the collection weaves the voices of Black women, past and present. As Gibson dismantles the grammar of her Queen Elizabeth English, sister scholars talk back, whisper, suck teeth, curse and carry on from canonized texts, photographs and art gallery walls, reinterpreting their image, re-reading their bodies and claiming their space in a white, hegemonic landscape.


Using genre-bending dialogue poems and ekphrasis, Gibson reveals the dehumanizing effects of mystifying and simplifying images of Blackness. Undoing the North Star freedom myth, Harriet Tubman and Viola Desmond shed light on the effects of erasure in the time of reconciliation and the dangers of squeezing the past into a Canada History Minute or a single postage stamp. Centrefolds Delia and Marie Therese discuss their naked Black bodies and what it means to be enslaved, a human subject of art and an object of science, while Veronica? tells it like it is, what it means to hang with the Group of Seven on the walls of the Art Gallery of Ontario amongst the lakes, the glaciers, the mountains and the dying trees. Supported by the voices of Black women writers, the poems unloose the racist misogyny, myths, tropes and stereotypes women of colour continue to navigate every day.


Thoughtful, sassy, reflective and irreverent, How She Read leaves a Black mark on the landscape as it illustrates a writer's journey from passive receiver of racist ideology to active cultural critic in the process of decolonizing her mind.

About the author


  • Winner, Pat Lowther Memorial Award, League of Canadian Poets
  • Short-listed, Jim Deva Prize for Writing That Provokes, BC and Yukon Book Prizes
  • Long-listed, Nelson Ball Poetry Prize
  • Winner, Dorothy Livesay Poetry Prize, BC and Yukon Book Prizes
  • Runner-up, Fred Cogswell Award for Excellence in Poetry, Royal City Literary Arts Society
  • Long-listed, Raymond Souster Award, League of Canadian Poets
  • Long-listed, Gerald Lampert Memorial Award, League of Canadian Poets
  • Runner-up, Griffin Poetry Prize

Contributor Notes

Chantal Gibson is an artist-educator living in Vancouver with ancestral roots in Nova Scotia. Her visual art collection Historical In(ter)ventions, a series of altered history book sculptures, dismantles text to highlight language as a colonial mechanism of oppression. How She Read is another altered book, a genre-blurring extension of her artistic practice. Sculpting black text against a white page, her poems forge new spaces that challenge historic representations of Black womanhood and Otherness in the Canadian cultural imagination.


How She Read is Gibson's debut book of poetry. Her work has been published in Room magazine and Making Room: 40 years of Room Magazine (Caitlin Press, 2017), and she was shortlisted for PRISM magazine's 2017 Poetry Prize. An award-winning teacher, she teaches writing and visual communication in the School of Interactive Arts & Technology at Simon Fraser University.

Editorial Reviews

“With How She Read, Chantal Gibson has created a searing and a soaring poetic and visual meditation, which acts as a balm for our aching souls. How She Read offers a rich, multi-flavoured one-pot meal to restore the body and mind and ignite creative flight. By turns outraged, elegiac, and loving, Chantal Gibson meditates on blackness, womanhood, betrayal, denial, resilience, and freedom. How She Read flings open the back door to Canada. It sparks an inquiry and packs a wallop in every line and on every page.”

—Lawrence Hill, author of The Book of Negroes and The Illegal

“In this incendiary collection, How She Read, Chantal Gibson subverts and reconfigures language and education—the root of so much misinformation and racism—with style, fierceness, and sly subversion. Not only does this writing take control of the narrative, it burns the colonial gaze to the ground. This book is the most brilliant kind of backtalk.”

—Wayde Compton, author of The Outer Harbour

How She Read is no subsidiary diary, but the output of an insurrectionist, a Black Woman who taketh the alphabet apart, who breaketh Imperialists into wimps, whimpering. Doctorated in Liberation Letters, in Freedom Grammatology, Chantal Gibson has read her Brand, her NourbeSe, her Black (Canuck) Herstory and is gonna hit you with the Truth, whether ya like it or not. From deconstructing the pigments available in a classic Laurentien Colored Pencils Case to voicing Viola Desmond’s outrage at the thought that anyone can buy her silence by placing her on a Canuck $10 bill, Gibson doesn’t hesitate to wield black ink and even stenographer markings to project a distinctly indelible black voice onto the still-too-white pages of Can Lit. Maybe these lines from ‘homograph’ help declare her powerful fusion of polite cogitation and damning street-talk: ‘I heard the lawyer argued you were coloured by your emotions. Quite naturally. What other reason would you have to beat a white bitch down?’ Amen. How She Read is T.N.T.—no matter how you translate these poems.”

—George Elliott Clarke, seventh Parliamentary Poet Laureate (2016–17)

“Chantal Gibson beautifully infuses history, poetry, and art into an incredible genre-breaking collection. How She Read speaks not only to Black girls, but skillfully gives voice to those left to stew in silence. Through conversation and dialogue, through art meeting science, she wraps us in a heavy quilt lined with poetic grammar inventions. Gibson takes each reader on a journey as she writes, then gifts us an important piece of missing history.”

—Chelene Knight, author of Dear Current Occupant

Related lists