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Nature Birdwatching Guides

Birds of Ontario: Habitat Requirements, Limiting Factors, and Status

Volume 2–Nonpasserines: Shorebirds through Woodpeckers

by (author) Al Sandilands

illustrated by Ross James

UBC Press
Initial publish date
Jun 2010
Birdwatching Guides, Ornithology, Environmental Science
  • Hardback

    Publish Date
    Jun 2010
    List Price
  • eBook

    Publish Date
    Jan 2011
    List Price

Classroom Resources

Where to buy it


The volumes in the Birds of Ontario series summarize life history requirements of bird species that are normally part of the ecology of Ontario. This is the second volume in the series and completes the treatment of the nonpasserine bird species occurring in Ontario on a regular basis. Information on habitat, limiting factors, and status is summarized for 83 species in this volume. These topics are covered for the three primary avian seasons: breeding, migration, and winter. Habitat, nest sites, territoriality, site fidelity, annual reproductive effort, habitat loss and degradation, environmental contaminants, and a variety of other topics are covered in the species accounts. Maps depicting breeding and wintering range are presented for most species along with drawings by Ross James.


Birds of Ontario is an essential reference source for wildlife biologists, environmental consultants, and planners preparing or reviewing environmental impact statements and environmental assessments. Serious birders will find the volumes of interest as well. Although the books focus on Ontario birds, the information is highly relevant to adjacent provinces and states.

About the authors

Al Sandilands is an environmental consultant employed by his own firm, Gray Owl Environmental Inc. His formal learning focused on fisheries and aquatic entomology but, through his long-time interest in birds, he evolved into a wildlife biologist.

Al Sandilands' profile page

Ross James' profile page