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Notes from a Children's Librarian: Rocks and Minerals

tagged: rocks and minerals, grade 4, notes from a children's librarian, 49th kids

Our children's librarian columnist, Julie Booker, brings us a new view from the stacks every month.


The first two nonfiction titles support the Grade 4 study of rocks and minerals. 

The strength of Underworld: Exploring the Secret World Beneath Your Feet, by Jane Price, illustrated by James Gulliver Hancock, lies in its cartoonlike cross-sections and cutaways of the earth. Rocks and minerals are covered in Chapters 1, 2, and 6. This book has a lovely, accessible feel, mainly because interesting facts are sidebars to Hancock’s easily readable illustrations. For example, in Chapter 1, “Underground, Earth’s Crust and Below,” shows one inclusive cutaway depicting the layers of the earth and the three types of rocks. Tectonic plates, fold mountains, tsunamis, earthquakes, fossils, volcanoes, etc. are all shown to be interconnected. Similarly, in Chapter 2, “Holes in the Ground, Crystals and Cave Cities,” all types (e.g., prehistoric, underwater, stalactites, stalagmites) are plotted in one illustration, followed by photographs of spectacular caves around the world and how they are formed. Chapter 6, “Digging for Riches,” explores mining and the whole resource-based industry, including a feature on the rescue of 33 Chilean miners in 2010. 

Canada’s Rocks and Minerals, by Joanne Richter, is perfect for independent research. A manageable amount of text in five easy-to-read chapters covers these topics: (1) how rocks and minerals are formed, (2) Canada’s significant geological areas, (3) crystals and gems, (4) Canadian fossils, and (5) how to be a collector. There’s a map of Canada showing areas of common minerals. 

The next two novels are great read-alouds, followed by some fun picture books, ideal for integrating Language and Science.

In A Trail of Broken Dreams: The Gold Rush Diary of Harriet Palmer, by Barbara Haworth-Attard, Harriet’s mom dies on the first page. It’s 1862. Harriet needs to find her father who is staking a claim somewhere in BC. Twelve-year-old Harriet worries about her fate and that of her siblings, so she dresses as a boy and joins the carts going west. The first half of the book describes the arduous journey, including Harriet being bullied whilst trying to maintain her disguise. Midway through, Harriet reaches her destination and there, the reader is privy to a description of the gold fields and different methods of mining. The epilogue tells of the historical accuracy of the book with background information about the “Overlanders.” Also described are the processes of panning, rocking and sluicing, along with photos and sketches of the windlass and Cornish wheels, common tools involved in mining at the time.

Turn-of-the-century archeological practices and beliefs are clearly illustrated in Mary Annings’ Curiosity, by Monica Kulling. It’s 1807 in a coastal English town. To keep his family out of the poor house, Mary’s father collects fossils and sells them to tourists. When he gets ill (and eventually dies) 12-year-old Mary must take over the family business even though her mother wants her to go to school and leave behind the dirty job of scouring the beach. When Mary finds a buried beast, thinking it a legendary mythical crocodile, she spends a year excavating, doing much of the work in secret. This is based on the true story of the first woman to collect, display and identify the ichthyosaur. Annings went on to identify other significant dinosaurs which Darwin used to prove his theory of evolution. (She was also thought to be the inspiration behind the tongue twister, “She sells seashells by the seashore.”)

A Mountain Alphabet, by Margaret Ruurs, illustrated by Andrew Kiss, is a visual overview of mountain ranges. Ruurs’ intro includes some rudimentary information about the west coast of Canada, the purpose of mountains, their origins and changes due to weather forces. She also invites a treasure hunt, with each illustration holding a hidden letter and specific objects beginning with those letters. 

Who Wants Rocks? by Michael Arvaarluk Kusugak, illustrated by Vladyana Langer Krykorka, explores the effects mining has on the environment. It’s the story of Little Mountain and Joe, an unsuccessful prospector in the Yukon Rush. While everyone else gets rich, Joe watches the mountains being dismantled around him. He finally realizes true wealth lies in enjoying fresh air, the sounds of nature and the view of Little Mountain, still intact. 

The Red Rock, A Graphic Fable, by Tomio Nitto, is part picture book, part first-foray into graphic novels. A developer comes with the World’s Biggest Smartest Project: tear down a forest to build a dam to power a casino/spa. But there’s a weird spherical red rock smack in the middle of his plan. The animals try building barricades to no avail. One night a lightning bolt from the red rock infuses the beaver with super powers: the ability to persuade the developers to change course. A good discussion-starter around environmental issues. 

Sam and Dave Dig a Hole, by Mac Barnett, illustrated by Canadian Jon Klassen, is a whimsical story of two boys digging for something spectacular. Their tunnel, however, keeps missing the mark. The reader sees the hidden diamonds whose sizes increase with each detour. A fun read that’s also great for inferencing: not only do the characters make inferences based on what they are NOT finding, the reader also makes inferences based on Klassen’s clever details, e.g., the dog, the weather vane, and the fruit tree. 

The Shooting of Dan McGrew, by Robert W. Service, illustrated by Ted Harrison, creates a vivid description of the Gold Rush and some characters that might have inhabited the North. For example: “A half-dead thing in a stark, dead world, clean mad for the muck called gold.” A forward by Harrison gives a bit of background to the poem about a deadly saloon spat.

Town Is By the Sea, by Joanne Schwartz, illustrated by Sydney Smith, is a father-and-son story whose flowing language creates a beautiful portrait of a coastal mining town. “First thing I see when I look out the window is the sea. And I know my father is already deep down under that sea, digging for coal,” writes Schwartz.


On her first day as teacher-librarian, Julie Booker was asked by a five-year-old if that was her real name. She's felt at home in libraries since her inaugural job as a Page in the Toronto Public Library. She is the author of Up Up Up, a book of short stories published by House of Anansi Press.

May 15, 2018

Books mentioned in this post


Canada Close Up: Canadian Rocks and Minerals

by Joanne Richter
edition: Paperback
  • age: 7 to 9
  • Grade: 2 to 4
tagged: rocks & minerals

Cool facts for aspiring rock-hounds!

Canada is a vast country with a diverse geography, which makes it a fantastic place to discover rocks and minerals. This book is crammed with cool and interesting facts perfect for the aspiring rock collector. Did you know that Canada is the third-leading producer of diamonds in the world? Do you know which Can …


Dear Canada: A Trail of Broken Dreams

The Gold Rush Diary of Harriet Palmer, Overland to the Cariboo, 1862

by Barbara Haworth-Attard
edition: Hardcover
also available: eBook
  • age: 8 to 12
  • Grade: 3 to 7

Still reeling from the death of her mother, Harriet sets out on a dangerous journey - disguised as a boy, since no "petticoats" are allowed on the trip - determined to find her missing father in the gold fields of British Columbia's Cariboo. The journey itself is incredibly difficult, and Harriet still has to find her father before the winter snows …


Mary Anning's Curiosity

by Monica Kulling, illustrated by Melissa Castrillon
edition: Hardcover
also available: eBook
  • age: 7 to 12
  • Grade: 2 to 7
tagged: girls & women, science & technology, dinosaurs & prehistoric creatures

Mary Anning, considered the world’s greatest fossilist, discovered her first big find at the age of twelve. This novel is an imaginative re-creation of her childhood in early nineteenth-century Lyme Regis.

Mary was born in 1799 in Lyme Regis, England, to a poor family. She and her older brother were the only two of ten children to survive. Her fat …


A Mountain Alphabet

by Margriet Ruurs, illustrated by Andrew Kiss
edition: Paperback
also available: Paperback
  • age: 6 to 9
  • Grade: 1 to 4
tagged: alphabet, environmental conservation & protection

Mountains are an impressive sight anywhere in the world but those of the western mountain region of North America offer riches that are truly unique. This lavishly illustrated picture book presents snowcapped peaks, emerald lakes, tall pines and magnificent maples, and a range of birds and animals that will fill readers of all ages with wonder.

The …


Who Wants Rocks?

by Michael Kusugak, illustrated by Vladyana Krykorka
edition: Paperback
also available: Hardcover
  • age: 4 to 7
  • Grade: p to 2

The award-winning team of Michael Kusugak and Vladyana Langer Krykorka are back with a new tale about how mountains were actually moved during the Yukon gold rush.

Little Mountain is happy. All about her, there are big mountains, birds and forest life. She speaks to the world through the breeze and invites all to come and live with her. People co …


The Red Rock

A Graphic Fable

by Tomio Nitto
edition: Hardcover
  • age: 0 to 9
  • Grade: p to 4
tagged: environment, values & virtues

In this innovative graphic fable, Old Beaver climbs to the top of a hill and admires the dams, ponds and lodges down below. He has built many of them over the years. Across the valley is the huge red rock that has always seemed like his friend. But in the city, far from this peaceful scene, developers are planning to use the valley for their own pu …


Sam and Dave Dig a Hole

by Mac Barnett, illustrated by Jon Klassen
edition: Hardcover
  • age: 4 to 8
  • Grade: p to 3
tagged: imagination & play, humorous stories

A 2015 Caldecott Honor Book
With perfect pacing, the multi-award-winning, New York Times best-selling team of Mac Barnett and Jon Klassen dig down for a deadpan tale full of visual humor.

Sam and Dave are on a mission. A mission to find something spectacular. So they dig a hole. And they keep digging. And they find . . . nothing. Yet the day turns o …


The Shooting of Dan McGrew

by Robert Service, illustrated by Ted Harrison
edition: Paperback

Robert Service's ballad of love and revenge is brought to life for a new generation through Ted Harrison's vivid colors and bold, visionary images.


Town Is by the Sea

by Joanne Schwartz, illustrated by Sydney Smith
edition: Hardcover
also available: eBook
  • age: 5 to 9
  • Grade: k to 4
tagged: multigenerational, post-confederation (1867-)

Winner of CILIP Kate Greenaway Medal
Winner of the TD Canadian Children’s Literature Award
A young boy wakes up to the sound of the sea, visits his grandfather’s grave after lunch and comes home to a simple family dinner with his family, but all the while his mind strays to his father digging for coal deep down under the sea. Stunning illustr …

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